The Orangutan is the only member of the great ape family found in Asia. The other members of the great are found in Africa; Chimpanzee and Gorilla.
About the orangutans their are three species of orangutans distributed across the island Borneo Indonesia ( Kalimantan ) and Malaysia (Sabah and Sarawak), the Sumatra& Tapanuli Orangutan are situated in Indonesia island. This three species have been geographically separated for at lease 8,000 years when increase sea levels isolated the two islands. Base on the scientific research investigating genetics, morphology, ecology behavior and life history, Sumatran, Tapanuli and Borneo orangutans demonstrate significant physical characteristics differences.
The Bornean orangutans has a larger body size, and has dark or reddish brown short hair.
The Sumatran orangutans has a smaller body size, with brighter orange hair.
The Tapanuli orangutans resemble the sumatran orangutans more than Bornean orangutans in body build and fur color. However, they have frizzier hair, smaller heads, and flatter face.
In all tree species, male orangutans are much larger than the females, typically two to three times heavier. Male orangutans develop large cheek pads (Flanges) which develop post-sexual maturity , both male and female Tapanuli orangutans have beards, while only male Bornean orangutan have beards.
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